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National UFO Reporting Center Sighting Report
Occurred : 12/30/1995 09:30 (Entered as : 12/30/95 09:30)
Reported: 6/9/2003 4:29:10 PM 16:29
Posted: 6/10/2003
Location: Livingston, MT
Shape: Fireball
Duration: 10 secs
Characteristics: The object left a trail, There was an aura or haze around the object
Close fireball flying at approx. 2000 mph flies over Interstate 90.

On Dec 30, 1995, while driving on Interstate 90 from Livingston to Bozeman, MT at about 09:30 in the morning, I observed a brilliant green fireball flying at slightly above treetop height at a distance of 300-400 yds. The fireball had a diameter of about 10 yds with trailing flames some 60-80 yds long. It then flew directly over the highway at Bozeman Pass (the pass has an elevation of 5780 ft) by not more than 1000 ft. It then rose in the sky at a low constant angle to disappear in the distance in not more than 10 seconds.

The fireball covered a distance of 1-1/2 miles, measured with vehicle odometer, in an estimated 2-3 seconds, suggesting a speed in the range of 1800-2700 mph. It was silent. The speed of sound is about 750 mph. The fireball should have produced a loud sonic boom.

One possible explanation for the oft-reported silence of UFO's might be connected to the incredible accelerations and decelerations of which they appear to be capable. Some witnesses have claimed UFO's make no-radius 90 degree and even 180 degree turns at speeds estimated in the 1000's of mph without decelerating at all. The g-forces involved must measure at least in the 100's. One possible way to protect the crews from these maneuvers is an anti-gravity system, perhaps in the shape of a torus in the rim. If such a system existed, it might be omnidirectional, that is, it might have the same intensity outside the craft as within. Hypothetically it could be so powerful that it could repel air around the craft. In otherwords UFO's may fly in a self-made vacuum. If this were true the craft would not contact the atmosphere and could not produce a sonic boom. Other advantages to such a system would be the absence of heating by air friction when flying in the atmosphere at high speed, and the repulsion of smaller objects out of the path of the craft when flying in deep space.

If a torus did exist in the rim of a UFO, then a possible structure exists for a propulsion system. (I am not suggesting that an anti-gravity system and a propulsion system are the same, only that they may be in close proximity and possibly share the same structure.) Cyclotrons require a torus. One account of the vimana or flying machines of the gods in ancient Indian tradition that I read stated that the machines had mercury in them. So we are talking about a cyclotron which spins up a mercury plasma to a relativistic velocity.

Thrust occurs when mass is lost at velocity from a vehicle. We are all familiar with rockets ejecting hot gases to produce thrust. There is nothing in this definition of thrust which requires the loss of matter. All that is needed is the loss of mass. When plasma at a relativistic velocity decelerates it loses mass at velocity. It may be mathematically derived mass based on relativity but it's still mass. If this deceleration occurred in a vehicle such as a UFO it ought to produce thrust.

Suppose a UFO is headed north. If the torus in the rim had a shunt come off of it pointed south, then plasma might be directed into the shunt, where it could be decelerated and produce relativistic thrust. Perhaps then the shunt loops back into the area of the cyclotron where the plasma in the shunt could be accelerated to the operational velocity of the plasma in the torus, at which point the shunt rejoins the torus and dumps its contents into it. In this way the plasma could be used over and over for propulsion.

((NUFORC Note: Date is approximate. Please see other report from San Diego for December 29, 1995. PD))